And when you do that the ‘finale’ comes in a grand way, as it were, the last tune opens out the gates for the other music that is to follow later on in the 7th , 8th , 9th , 10th , 11th , 12th chapters, where the theme is ‘the synthesis of Knowledge and Devotion’. So, Sri Krishna here says:
yoginām api sarveṣāṁ madgatenāntarātmanā |
śraddhāvān bhajate yo māṁ sa me yuktatamo mataḥ ||47|| (VI)
“Even greater than Yogi is the Bhakta. So, even when you have become a Yogi, you arrive at Me, that is the supreme condition.” And:
śraddhāvān bhajate yo māṁ sa me yuktatamo mataḥ ||
The greatest Yogi is one who not only reconciles Knowledge and Action, but also bhajate, who arrives at a great Devotion, who reconciles Devotion with Knowledge and Action.
Now, of this last sentence the next six chapters are elucidation: how to unite Knowledge and Action with Devotion. So, this is the last sentence of the 6th chapter and fortunate today we have finished the 6th chapter.
Now, we shall review the six chapters, so that in our consciousness the basic lines of these first six chapters remain quite established.
How to remember what are the main lines of the argument of the first 6 chapters? What is the queue, so that the thread of the 6 chapters becomes very easy to lift up? The best thing is to remember the starting point of the Bhagavad Gita. The Bhagavad Gita starts with the viṣāda of Arjuna, the despondency of Arjuna, and with his questions.
We must understand his questions very well, he says: on one side is the sin of slaughter; on the other side is the duty to fight for justice: both are Dharmas. If one was Adharma and the other was Dharma, there is no problem: you select Dharma. But both are Dharmas: to avoid slaughter is a Dharma; to fight for justice is Dharma. If I fight for justice I have to make a slaughter; if I don’t slaughter, which is a sin, then avoid justice and establishment of the Right. This is the dilemma with which Arjuna starts his question. And therefore he says: what should I do when on both sides is Dharma, and following one Dharma becomes Adharma? If I follow that one, then the other becomes Adharma: then how shall I do this? What shall I do? His immediate reaction was: give up action, and enter into Jnana, and Samadhi, so that he attains to the state of non–slaughter, and he becomes free: that was his idea.