He is a Purusha, Supreme is also Para Prakriti, that is why dve śirśe, this is the description of the Supreme given in the Veda, the Divine has two heads. While describing the Divine in a very physical form, Veda says that it has got two heads; it has got four horns, the śṛṇga, the horns are four. And trayo padasya it has got three feet. So, if you can visualise a creature…it is a kind of analogy so as to give a very clear idea. That this Reality has two heads; that is the beginning. The creation cannot take place without the beginning and that beginning has two heads: the Supreme as Purusha and Supreme as Para Prakriti. It has four horns: sat, cit, ananda, and Truth: these are the four horns. And three feet: Matter, Life and Mind are the three feet. So, three feet and four horns put together are seven principles of which now there is a mention here sapta rishis, the seven Rishis are four horns and three feet.
…Sat, Chit, Ananda and Truth principle, these four plus three, Matter Life and Mind. Now, such is the description of the supreme Reality given in the form of an image. In the hymn of creation therefore in the Rig Veda, it is said that Purusha throws Himself fully in Para Prakriti. In other words without the will of Purusha, Para Prakriti would not move. Para Prakriti is the power of energy, but held back. It is only when Purusha wills and throws Himself, gives Himself entirely to Para Prakriti, Para Prakriti receive the will and manifests that will. So the whole movement arises in the world because of Para Prakriti’s impulsion from Purusha. But when this sacrifice takes place then the Divine manifests four parts of Himself.
The first is Wisdom, second is the Power, third is Love, and fourth is Skill. There are four manu(s), four powers: manu of Wisdom, manu of Power, manu of Love and manu of Skill. Therefore all human beings have got these four characters, everybody, every one of us. We have something of wisdom, something of power, something of love and something of skill: our total personality is nothing but a combination of these four. In varying degrees they are present. Wherever there is a manifestation, you will find seven principles and four characters. This is the secret of the whole world: wherever you look you will find always the presence of seven principles and four characters.
It is on this wisdom that the society of India was cast into four varṇa(s): the Brahmin representing the wisdom, Kshatriya representing the power or strength, Vaishya representing love, because Love is a matter of exchange and all commerce is exchange, and that is the speciality of the commerce, and Shudra represents skills, labour, work, perfection in the work. That is why in every society, every human being and every society will have always this four fold character, always these 4 powers will automatically manifest, whenever you want to organise anything, you will find these four characters, they automatically will begin to operate. It is inevitable even if you try to blot out this varṇa system, it arises. Even in Soviet system, they don’t know about these 4 principles at all, but these 4 categories of people exists: there are labourers, there are merchants, there are administrators, and there are philosophers, so all the four exists even in the Soviet system these 4 exist.
The entire hymn of creation, the puruṣasūkta (Rig Veda 10, 90), is fully brought here in one line, seven principles. That is why it is said Bhagavad Gita is a summary of the whole of the Veda: maharṣayaḥ sapta pūrve catvāro manavas tathā |, seven principles and four manu(s), four characters; mad–bhāvā, they are all born from Me. these seven principles and four characters, mad–bhāvā, they are all created by Me, they have all arisen from Me; mānasā jātā, particularly they are manifested in the mental plane. Now, this is very important word mānasā jātā, in the mental plane the distinctions become more clear; if you go higher than the mind these distinctions cease to be distinctions: Sat is Chit, Chit is Ananda. You cannot even say Sat, Chit and Ananda: it is a mental operation. There is such a unity at the higher levels that even to speak of seven is not possible, to speak of four is no possible, it is all united it is all one as it were.
But at the mānasā, at the level of the mind, the distinction becomes clearer; therefore this idea of seven principles and four characters is much more true at the mental level. So, mānasā jātā yeṣāṁ loka imāḥ prajāḥ ||6|| (X), this world and all the people here are all born out of Me, (at the mental level), in the form of 7 principles and 4 characters.