Now continuing the same startling statement, in the fifth verse it says:
tad ejati tan naijati tad dūre tad vantike
tad antarasya sarvasya tad u sarvasyāsya bāhyatah – 5
That moves and That moves not; That is far and the same is near; That is within all this and That also is outside all this.
This startling statement seems incomprehensible to us because stability and movement are opposites in our normal understanding. In our ordinary experience, that which is stable is not moving; that which is moving is not stable. But we always find that the greater the movement we want to make, the greater is the stability required in the foundation. The relationship between movement and stability is visible even in our ordinary life. When we make a very big dam to produce a lot of electricity, then a very strong foundation is needed to sustain the tremendous force of water that can move the turbine more powerfully. So although stability and movement seem to be opposites of each other, basically both are complementary. The greater the stability, the greater is the movement that we can generate. This is the nature of the Universe.
Question: Does stability also mean maturity?
Answer: Actually, maturity is one of the lower forms of stability because maturity also has gradations. The greater the silence in the inner being, the greater is the power of receiving the shocks of life. The greater the silence in us, the greater is the power of speech in us. The greater the silence, the greater is the reception of knowledge. That is why we find that when a child jumps from one thing to the other, he will not be able to learn. We tell him to be quiet and concentrate. When he reads with concentration and quietude he understands quite easily. So the greater the silence, the greater is the power to possess knowledge or to acquire knowledge.
This Reality in its very nature is unmoving and yet it moves. There was a very great philosopher in the West called Aristotle. He defines God as the unmoved mover, Himself unmoved but the mover of the Universe. It is very similar to this. He has taken this as a kind of analogy from a magnet. A magnet is an unmoved mover of iron filings. A magnet does not move itself; but all the iron filings are automatically attracted to the magnet. It is an unmoved mover; if that magnet itself was moving away, it would not have the power to attract. It is because it is unmoving itself that this power is generated. Once we know that moving and unmoving are two complementary things then these two verses seem to be quite simple.
One unmoving that is swifter than mind. That the gods reach not, for It progresses ever in front. That, standing passes beyond others as they run. In That the Master of Life establishes the Waters. That moves and That moves not; That is far and the same is near; That is within all this and That also is outside all this. – 4, 5
To arrive at an intellectual conclusion that behind this universe there is a big stable support could also have been done but that is not the method of the Rishi. The Rishi in a state of silence came to a conclusion that this universe has behind it a very big stable support. The ‘Isha Upanishad’ is not an intellectual or philosophical book. It is a record of knowledge. In the state of silence the Rishi finds the origin of all movement. He finds that Ishwara is at once silence and yet originator of all the movement. From the profound silence of Ishwara, billions of rays of light are emanating, and a number of universes and creatures are created or manifested. All this which is manifested is not outside the Reality because there is nothing outside it. All this is manifested within it.