Philosophy of Indian Pedagogy

The Teacher and The Pupil

The ideals of truth, light and immortality

Ancient India conceived an intimate relationship between education and life. It looked upon education as a preparation for life and considered life a process of continuing education. It studied life in all its aspects and attempted to apply psychological principles and truths of life to education. One important consequence was to fix for education certain life-long objectives that require life-long effort to achieve and realize. These objectives were summarized in a triple formula which gave a wide and lofty framework to the ancient system of education.

Lead me from falsehood to truth.
Lead me from darkness to light.
Lead me from death to immortality.

असतो मा सद्गमय
तमसो मा ज्योतिर्गमय।
मृत्योर्माऽमृतं गमय।।

This formula proved to be so potent that it governed the Indian system of education for ages. Even today, remote as we are from that ancient ethos, we refer to it constantly for fresh inspiration.


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