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Isha Upanishad- MIRA - Law of Karma – ‘Sattwa’, ‘Rajas’ and ‘Tamas’

Question: He has done this and is also showing the way out?
Answer: Exactly, that is why He reveals Himself. He is not like a monster sitting above and enjoying the game of chess with human beings as pawns. He Himself is you and even while you are suffering, He is actually suffering Himself. He is above, He is also here, He is inconscient, and He is everywhere, all this is Himself. But in this complexity what is important is − the Divine is complex and this game is a game of complexity.

The Law of Karma is not the law of reward and punishment. The Law of Karma is simply a scientific law of increase. At any given point if you do an action it would result in increase of it. There is no intention of punishing or rewarding anybody. If you put your hands into the fire, it will burn whether you are a saint or a sinner. It will act impartially; there is no reward or punishment. When a child mistakenly puts his hands into the fire, he feels that the fire has punished him by burning him and therefore he says now I will punish the fire; but this is only a childish reaction. We take it as a reward or punishment like children.

What has happened is that when you acted in a particular way, it increases and the consequences further increase; if you want something else then you must act in another direction and it will increase in another way and there will be another result. All this is happening; this tangle is a tangle of sattwa, rajas and tamas. The inconscient, which has reached the point of mind, which is groping is sattvic, rajasic and tamasic. Agni is not sattvic, rajasic and tamasic. Agni is divine in character. The groping mind is sattvic, rajasic and tamasic. These three gunas are rising from the inconscient. In matter, tamas is predominant; in life rajas is predominant, in the mind sattwa becomes predominant. Since mind is both matter and life, in mind all the three − tamas, rajas, sattwa – are together and it is here that you become self–conscious. Mind has the capacity of self–consciousness; you feel that you are Ego and you begin to feel as if you are the actor.

What is called pure mind? Our mind is a conglomeration of all the three elements − sattwic, rajasic and tamasic prakriti. In the last six chapters of the Gita, all the three gunas are described in various different ways. If you want to win the prize in a sport then you have to put your effort in the direction of rehearsing the sporting event. If you want to win the race of sprinting, you have to practise sprinting every day. The Law of Karma will not benefit you simply because you are a very good student. If you stand first in your studies, it does not mean that in sprinting also you will get the first prize. It will not happen. The Law of Karma is simply the law of the energy, which is increased by the increase of energy. That is all. The kind of energy you put forward gives results in the increase of that kind of energy. We say for example, why does a virtuous man suffer? The reason is very clear. If you are virtuous then you will get increase of virtue but not increase of happiness. If you want happiness then you have to work for happiness. Develop those conditions in which happiness will come but if you are virtuous then the conditions should be such that your virtue will increase more and more.