Indian Institute of Teacher Education - Year 1 - Semester 1

Year 1 - Semester 1

Year 1 - Semester 1

Manual of Courses

List of Courses for Year 1 Semester 1

Course Credits

Students must undergo bridge courses in
English and Gujarati before commencing
the studies of the first semester.

A. Core/Content Courses


Science and Mathematics






Social Sciences



Political Science



Humanities and Languages





Fine Arts

b. Professional Courses  
Philosophy of Life and Education I 2
Communication Skills: Gujarati I 2
Communication Skills: English I 2
C. General Studies  
Health and Physical Education I 2
Development of Integral Personality I with the focus on Music & Dance 2
Total 22




Year 1 - Semester 1

Year 1 - Semester 1

Bridge Courses



It is generally observed that the language competence of students when they complete senior secondary school is weak. Therefore, it is desirable that students of the integrated teacher education programme undergo bridge courses in English and Gujarati before commencing the studies of the first semester. In this context two bridge courses of 50 hours duration have been designed and will be offered by the IITE to students admitted to the integrated course. It is suggested that the bridge courses be offered for four weeks prior to the commencement of the first semester.

The bridge course in Sanskrit may be offered before commencement of the third semester.

Course Objectives:

The course intends the participants to get acquainted with the basic language functions in English which would be of use to them in regular classroom teaching situations as well as their professional work experiences. In addition, the idea is to develop basic skills in communication in English which would enhance the participants’ confidence in using English as a tool for teaching other subjects.

More specifically, this course aims to help participants to

• develop a smooth flow of thoughts

• develop skills of expression of their thoughts and feelings

• acquire basic interactional skills

• use English language in day to day life including classroom situations

• develop satisfactory levels of sociolinguistic competence

• develop proficiency in English to enhance academic uptake and output

• understand and participate in simple classroom talks in English

• to make short speeches

• participate in question -answer sessions in the classroom

• be able to independently read and understand simple passages in English

• be able to write passages.

Course Outline (A 50- hour programme)

No Language Functions Grammar Item in Focus Vocabulary
1 Introducing Yourself/ Someone, Asking about someone, Exchanging personal information Wh-Questions,

Yes-No Questions

Short Answer

Words referring to relations and family
2 Talking about daily schedule, work place Simple Present Tense, Statements, At, On, Around, Until, Before Adjectives and nouns referring to occupations and place and nature of work
3 Talking about Prices/Preferences, Giving Opinions, Making Comparisons, Buying & Selling Things How Much/Many,



4 Talking about likes & dislikes Simple Present Tense, Wh-Qs with ’Do’, Modal Auxiliaries Adjectives and adverbs regarding hobbies
5 Talking about families Present Continuous Tense, Determiners: All, Nearly all, Most, Many, a lot of, some Verbs referring to actions and processes at places of work
6 Asking about and describing routines and exercises Present perfect Adverbs of frequency
7 Talking about past events, Giving opinions about past experiences Past Tense Regular-irregular verbs
8 Asking about and describing locations, places and neighbourhood

There is/are,

Prepositions of place

9 Describing and identifying people Question form Adjectives for describing people
10 Asking about and describing cities, Asking for and giving suggestions, Talking about Travel and Tourism Conjunctions Adverbs, Adjectives describing places
11 Talking about health problems, Asking for and giving advice, Making requests Modal verbs Words referring to health, medical help, hospital, counselling etc
12 Expressing likes and dislikes, Agreeing and disagreeing, Ordering a meal Either...or
Neither.... nor
Words from hospitality, hotel, food etc
13 Describing countries, Making comparisons, Talking about distance Comparatives and suggestive Words referring to climate, weather, culture
14 Talking about plans, Making invitations, accepting and rejecting invitations, Giving reasons, Taking and leaving messages Future with present continuous Words referring to sports, concerts, entertainment etc.
15 Giving Instructions and responding to them Imperatives  

Sample: Giving Instructions

Instructions are a necessary component of the teaching-learning process. Of all the interaction that takes place at educational institution instructions take a vital form. It is important that a teacher has competence enough to convey, through words, what s/he wants the students to do. The delivery of instructions reflects a teacher’s ability to communicate in a precise and understandable manner. Unlike other situations, classroom instructions need to be brief and clear; there is no scope for ambiguity.

In Classroom

  1. Please take your notebooks out and write the words /points from the board.

  2. Maintain silence we are not supposed to disturb other classes.

  3. Please speak louder so that everyone sitting here can hear you.

  4. Raise your hand if you have a problem. 1 will help you.

  5. Use the dustbin to throw rubbish. You will make the place dirty otherwise. / Throw the rubbish in the dustbin. Do not litter around.

  6. Look at the picture/chart carefully. I am interested in knowing your observations.

  7. Please raise your hand to give answers. It is difficult to listen when everybody is speaking at the same time.

  8. Think before you answer. It is advisable to think and act. / You will participate better/ more meaningfully.

  9. If the fans and lights are not being used, switch them off. Let’s save electricity.

  10. Speak English. You will get good practice. You will develop good command of the language.

  11. Please pay attention to the way I read. Notice the changes in my voice / Please observe carefully how 1 modulate my voice.

  12. Sit in a proper posture. Your posture shows your attitude to work.

  13. Reply in complete sentences so that others understand what you say.

  14. It is the duty of everyone to keep the classroom clean. You will set an example for others.

  15. Form groups of four or five members. We are going to work in groups.

  16. Take permission before leaving the classroom. I should know where you are . going. .

  17. Do your homework regularly. It will keep you active and you won’t burden yourself with work later / If you finish your tasks regularly, you will not feel the burden later.

  18. Always revise the content taught in the classroom; this will help you update what you have learned.

  19. Bring your textbooks daily. You cannot depend on others’ help all the time.

  20. Please write a leave application to let me know about your absence. 1 will be able to guide you about what you miss in your absence.

  21. Please read the passage carefully and understand the meaning.

  22. Concentrate on what you are doing. Looking here and there will distract you from your work.

  23. Submitting your projects and assignments in time will reduce your burden and will give you time to engage in other activities.

  24. Be punctual and attend school sessions regularly. Punctuality makes a man perfect I By learning to be punctual, you will develop many other good habits.

  25. Please do not write on the walls and desks. It looks indecent. It leaves a bad impression about you.

  26. Open the window to let some fresh air in. The more we use natural light the more we save electricity.

  27. Keep a separate notebook for each subject. Your notes will not get mixed up.

  28. Maintain discipline in the classroom. You will leave a favourable impression

  29. about yourself.

  30. Make sure that what you speak is relevant. You will help me teach better/ It will help us remain focused on the topic.

  31. Check the spellings of the words you write. This will enable you to know what mistakes you make. You will learn from your mistakes.

  32. Please do not pluck flowers from the garden. They look beautiful on plants.

  33. You will look good in clean and tidy clothes.


  1. Krishnaswami, 2004 English Grammar Macmillan
  2. Natraj, Sulabha 2005 Developing Communication Skills : A Handbook for Learners and Teachers of English, Charutar Vidya Mandal
  3. Umra, Damayanti, 2008 Language Games, Charutar Vidya Mandal
Year 1 - Semester 1

Year 1 - Semester 1

Bridge Course


A Bridge course on Gujarati

(A 50-hour programme)

Based on Functional Gujarati and Communicative Approach

• Words and Sentence patterns associated with Gujarati culture (Cultural Need) like પોળ, ચકલા, કોતરકામ, નવરાત્રાં-નવરાતર-નવરાત્રિ, જલ્સા, હાલ etc.

• Words and sentence patterns to talk to people of Gujarat (Social Need) like

  1. Greetings

  2. Introduction

  3. Names of Things around

  4. Describing the Things: Adjectives

  5. Telling about Place, Position (Prepositions)

  6. Everyday Expressions

  7. Actions (daily routine)

  8. Making Requests

  9. Getting Information- Inquiring, Providing Information

  10. Giving Commands, Instructions and responding to them

  11. Expressing Choices, Options

  12. Telling Time

  13. Talking about work places

  14. Describing events in the past (Stories, anecdotes, reports)

  15. Talking about Future Activities (plans, imagination, fantasy)

  16. Talking about activities across time- Past, Present, Future- Difference

• Phonetics: major features

• Proverbs in Gujarati

• Understanding and appreciating songs and Garba in Gujarati

• Simple dialogues in varied situations

• Making short speeches: Welcome, introduction, expressing appreciation etc.

• Developing reading and writing skills: popular stories, simple poems, essays, newspaper reports

• Presentations (Academic/Professional Need)

• Correspondence (Academic/Professional Need)

• Translation of news items, reports, articles, narratives, stories, plays, poems etc. (From Gujarati to Foreign language and vice-versa)

Content Courses

Science and Mathematics


Credits: 4

Course Objectives:

Students will:

  • Understand Newton’s three laws of motion
  • Explain the role offerees
  • Applications of these laws
  • Describe the atomic structure and properties of solid
  • Explain the temperature, heat and heat transfer
  • Describe the properties of waves and sound

Unit-I Mechanics -1

Name of Chapter Contents
Chapter:2 (Text Book:l)

Newton’s First Law of Motion-Inertia


Problems given in the Text Book:2" University Physics with Modern Physics " By Hugh D. Young & Roger A. Freedman, (12th Edition)

Publisher: Pearson

Topics 5.1 to 5.5
Aristotle on Motion
Copernicus and the Moving Earth
Galileo and the Learning Tower
Galileo’s Inclined Planes
Newton’s First Law of Motion
Net Force
The Equilibrium Rule
Support Force
Equilibrium of Moving Things
The Moving Earth

Chepter:3(Text Book:l)

Linear Motion

Motion is Relative

Problems given in the Text Book:2" University Physics with Modern Physics " By Hugh D. Young & Roger A. Freedman, (12th Edition)

Publisher: Pearson

Topics 2.1 to 2.7

Instantaneous Speed

Average Speed


Constant Velocity

Chaning Velocity


Acceleration on Galileo’s Inclined


Free Fall

How Fast

How Far

How Quickly” How Fast" Changes

Unit-II Mechanics-II

Name of Chapter Contents
Chapter:4(Text Book:l)

Newton’s Second Law of Motion

Problems given in the Text Book:2”

University Physics with Modern Physics " By Hugh D. Young & Roger A. Freedman, (12th Edition)

Publisher: Pearson

Topics 4.4 to 4.7 & 5.6 to 5.9
Force Causes Acceleration
Mass and Weight
Mass Resist Acceleration
Newton’s Second Law of Motion
When Acceleration is g-Free Fall
When Acceleration is Less Than g-Non free Fall
Chepter:5 (TextBook:l)

Newton’s Third Law of Motion

Problems given in the Text Book:2"
Forces and Interactions
Newton’s Third Law of Motion
Defining Your System
Action and Reaction on Different
University Physics with Modern Physics " By Hugh D. Young & Roger A. Freedman, (12th Edition)

Publisher: Pearson

Topics 4.9 to 4.11
Summary of Newton’s Three Laws
Force Vectors
Velocity Vectors
Components of Vectors

Unit-III Properties of Matter

Name of Chapter Contents
Chapter:ll(Text Book :1)

The Atomic Nature of Matter

Problems given in the Text Book:2" University Physics with Modern Physics " By Hugh D. Young & Roger A. Freedman, (12th Edition)

Publisher: Pearson

Topics 4.1 to 4.2
The Atomic Hypothesis
Characteristics of Atoms
Atomic Imagery
Atomic Structure
The Elements
The Periodic Table of Elements
Compounds and Mixtures
Dark Matter



Muller’s Micrograph
Crystal Structure
Tension and Compression

Unit-IV Heat

Name of Chapter Contents
Chapter: 15 (Text Book:1)

Temperature, Heat and Expansion

Problems given in the Text Book:2" University Physics with Modern Physics " By Hugh D. Young & Roger A. Freedman, (12th Edition)

Publisher: Pearson

Topics 17.1 to 17.4 & 17.6
Measuring Heat
Specific Heat Capacity
The High Specific Heat Capacity of Water
Thermal Expansion
Expansion ofWater
Chepter:16(Text Book:1)

Heat Transfer

Problems given in the Text Book:2"

University Physics with Modern Physics " By Hugh D. Young & Roger A. Freedman, (12th Edition)

Publisher: Pearson

Topics 17.12 to 17.16
Emission of Radiant Energy
Absorption of Radiant Energy
Reflection of Radiant Energy
Cooling at Night by Radiation
Newton’s Law of Cooling
The Greenhouse Effect
Solar Power
Controlling Heat Transfer

Unit-V Sound

Name of Chapter Contents
Chapter:19(Text Book:1)

Vibrations and Waves

Problems given in the Text Book:2"

University Physics with Modern Physics " By Hugh D. Young & Roger A. Freedman, (12th Edition)

Publisher: Pearson

Topics 15.1,15.3,15.6
Vibration of a Pendulum
Wave Description
Wave Motion
Wave Speed
Transverse Waves
Longitudinal Waves
Standing Waves
Doppler Effect
Bow Waves
Shock Waves
Chepter:20(Text Book:1)


Problems given in the Text Book:2"

University Physics with Modern Physics " By Hugh D. Young & Roger A. Freedman, (12th Edition)

Publisher: Pearson

Chapters 19 & 20

Topics 16.3 to 16.9,16.14 to 16.18
Origin of Sound
Nature of Sound in Air
Media that Transmit Sound
Speed of Sound in Air
Reflection of Sound
Refraction of Sound
Energy in Sound Waves
Forced Vibrations
Natural Frequency

Text Book:1 Conceptual Physics by Paul G. Hewitt 11th Edition published by PEARSON

Text Book:2 University Physics with Modern Physics By Young & Freedman Publisher: Pearson (12th Edition)

Additional Reference:

  1. Fundamental of Physics by Heliday, Resnik & Walker.
  2. The Elements of Physics By I. S. Grant & W. R. Philips Publisher: Oxford University Press.
  3. Understanding Physics by Karen Cummings, Priscilla Laus, Edward Redish, Patrick Coonay
    Publisher: Wiley, Student Edition.
  4. Physics (Cambridge Law Price Edition) By Gilbert Rowell and Sydher Herdon Publisher: Cambridge University Press.

Suggested Website for eLearning/ICT Based activity:

  1. (Free)
  2. (Free)
  4. (Free)

Laboratory Course in Physics

  1. Study of motion using inclined plane (of three different shapes)
  2. To study the use of measuring devices (Vernier calipers, micrometer screw, spherometer, spectrometer and travelling microscope
  3. To determine the frequency of A.C. source by Sonometer and Bar magnet
  4. Melday’s experiment
  5. Stefan’s law of radiation
  6. Analysis of Error
  7. X-Ray diffraction pattern
  8. To determine the Young’s modulus of the material of a rectangular bar by bending (Koening’s method)
  9. To determine the emf by Thermocouple
  10. To determine the modulus of rigidity of the material of wire with the help of Torresonal pendulum

Suggested Website for e-Learning/ICT Based Activity for Virtual Laboratory

  3. thermodynamics


  1. Practical physics by C.L. Arora, Pub: S. Chand
  2. Practical Physics by Gupta & Kumar Pub: Pragati Prakashan
  3. An Advance Course in Practical Physics by D. Chattopadhyay & P. C. Rakshit Pub: New Central Book Agency (P) Ltd.
  4. ISC Practical Physics
  5. Laboratory Manual for Conceptual Physics by Paul Robinson
Year 1 - Semester 1

Year 1 - Semester 1

Chemistry- 1

Credits: 4

Course Objectives:

Students will:

  • Acquire the knowledge of chemistry and the pedagogy to teach the same.
  • Understand the concepts of chemistry and methods used to teach them.
  • Apply the concepts in day to day life as well as classroom situations.
  • Develop pedagogical competencies to teach chemistry at secondary level.

Unit 1: Bridge Course in Chemistry ‘Orientation to Chemistry’

  1. Meaning and Nature of Science.

  2. Branches of SciencefPure and Applied)

  3. Historical Background of Chemistry as a Branch of Science.

  4. Basic Concepts in Chemistry: acid, base, atom, elements, compounds, mixtures, molecules, basic trends in periodic table, atomic radius, ionic radius, ionization energy, electrode potential electro-negativity, electron-affinity, and reactions.

Unit 2 : Introduction to Chemistry

  1. Meaning and Scope of Chemistry.

  2. Branches of Chemistry : Organic, Inorganic, Analytical, Physical, Polymer, Industrial, etc.

  3. Nobel Prizes in Chemistry.

Unit 3 : Basic Concepts in Chemistry

  1. Atomic Structure: De Broglie matter waves, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, Schrodinger wave equation, significance of wave functions, Atomic orbitals, Quantum numbers, Aufbau and Paulis exclusion principles, Hund’s multiplicity rule. Variation of orbital energies with atomic number and energy level diagram, electronic configuration of elements, effective nuclear charge and shielding; radial and angular wave functions and distribution curves, shape of s,p,d orbitals and their characteristics.

  2. Types of Bonds: Introduction to ionic bond, covalent bond, coordinate bond, hydrogen bond and meaning of bond energy.

Chemistry I- Practical Work

  1. Volumetric titrations

  2. Litmus tests

  3. Project on Chemistry in day to day life

Year 1 - Semester 1

Year 1 - Semester 1


Credits: 4

Course Title: Cell biology, Genetics, Molecular biology

Unit: -1: Cell structure of prokaryote and eukaryote

ã Ultra structure and functions of cell organelles

ã Cell wall, Plasma membrane, Endoplasmic reticulum, Chloroplast, Mitochodria, Ribosomes of prokaryotes and eukaryotes, Lysosomes, Centrioles, Cilia and flagella, Golgi complex, Nucleus, structure of chromosome, Protoplasm

Unit: - 2: Microscopy and cell division and cell cycle

  • Simple microscope
  • Compound microscope
  • Dark-field microscope
  • Fluorescence microscope
  • Phase contrast microscope
  • Electron microscope
  • Mitosis
  • Meiosis and significance of crossing over

Unit: - 3: Genetics and molecular biology

  • Mendel’s experiments - monohybrid and dihybrid cross and mendelian laws
  • Incomplete dominance (e.g. Mirabilis Jalapa)
  • Co dominance (e.g. Skin colour in cattle)
  • Supplementary gene(9:3:4)
  • Complimentary gene(9:7)
  • Multiple alleles( Human blood group)
  • Polygenic inheritance(Skin colour in human)
  • Mutation and its related diseases in plants and animals
  • Sex determination (Chromosomal base, Environmental base and Temperature base)
  • Sex linked inheritance (X linked and Y linked inheritance)
  • Sex influence inheritance (Baldness in human)

Unit:-4: Biochemistry

  • Inorganic compound - Water and minerals
  • Classification, Structure and functions of organic compounds - Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Nucleic acids
  • Enzymes- classification & nomenclature, action, Factors affect enzyme activity
  • Plants hormones
  • Endocrine glands and its hormone


  1. Cell Biology by G. D. Power (Text) - (Himalaya Publishing House, Bombay)

  2. Cell Biology by De Roberties et al (Text) - (W. B. Saunders, Philadelphia)

  3. A Text Book of Cytology by R.C. Dahela and S.R. Varma (Text) - (Jayprakashnath and Co., Meerut)

  4. Cell Biology by J. D. Burke (Scientific Book Agency, Calcutta)

  5. Cell Biology : A molecular approach by R.D. Dyson (Allyn & Bacon, Boston)

  6. Cytology by C.D. Darlington

  7. Genetics by V.B. Rastogi

  8. Principles of genetics by Sinnott, Dunn and Dobzhansky (Text) - (Mcgraw Hill)

  9. Genetics by E. Altenberg (Text) - (Holt, Rinehart & Winston, New York)

  10. Genetics by Strickberger (Macmillan)

  11. Principles of Biochemistry by A. B. Lehninger (CBS Publisher& Distributors, Delhi)

  12. Fundamentals of Biochemistry by J.L. Jain (S. Chand, Delhi)

  13. Biochemistry by Shrivastava

  14. Plant physiology by Verma (S. Chand and Co.)

Biology- I (Practical)

  1. Charts of Typical Cell structure of prokaryota and eukaryote

  2. Charts / Micrographs of cell organelles 
    Cellwall, Plasma membrane, Endoplasmic reticulum, Chloroplast, Mitochondria, Ribosomes of prokaryotes and eukaryotes, Lysosomes, Centrioles, Cilia and flagella, Golgi complex, Nucleus, structure of chromosome.

  3. To study mitosis in onion root tip and permanent slides of meiosis

  4. Study of stages of mitosis

  5. Study of stages of meiosis

  6. Training in fixing staining and squashing for cytological study

  7. To solve genetics problems (related to syllabus)

  8. Structures of DNA : A, B, C, D and Z

  9. DNA hybridization

  10. To determine pH of water using universal indicator.

  11. Perform histochemical tests for Carbohydrate, lipids and protein. Demonstrate the activity of amylase and catalyses enzymes in plant tissues.

Year 1 - Semester 1

Year 1 - Semester 1

Mathematics 1

Credits 4

Learning Objectives: To understand and apply the concepts, principles and techniques of analytical Geometry and Differential Calculus in problem solving; To acquire an insight into the pedagogical aspects of these topics.

Course content:

UNIT 1: Analytical Geometry

Coordinates of point; Cartesian coordinates and Polar Coordinates of a point in R2; Cartesian Co-ordinates.

Position vector of point in R2 and R3; Modulus of a vector; Distance formulae in R2 and R3; vector addition; Scalar multiple of vector; Scalar product of two vectors; Projection of a vector on another vector; Vector product of two vectors; Scalar triple product of three vectors; vector triple product of three vectors.

Vector Equation of a straight line in R2 and Cartesian equation of straight line in R2; angle between two lines- conditions of parallelism and perpendicularity.

Vector equation of a plane and Cartesian equation of a plane; Angle between two planes; vector equation of a straight line in R3; Cartesian equation of a straight line in R3.

Vector equation of circle in R2; Cartesian equation of circles; Orthogonal circles; Tangent to a circle; Vector equation of sphere; Cartesian equations of sphere; Tangent plane to a sphere.

UNIT-2: Calculus-1 (Differential Calculus)


Functions and their graphs; Polynomial, rational, symmetric and radical parametric function; Equation of plane curve; Limit of a function; Statement of properties of continuous functions.

Derivative of function:

Derivative and techniques of differentiation - of sum, Product, quotient of two functions, of a function, Meaning of derivative - as rate of change and as the slope of tangent; Equations to the tangent; Normal to a plane curve; Angle of intersection of two curves; Conditions for orthogonally and tangency between two curves; signs of derivatives - Increasing and decreasing functions; Some cases of maxima and minima.

Reference for both Units:

  1. Calculus and Analytical Geometry - George Thomas (ADDISON WESLWY PUBLISHING CO)

  2. Calsulus of one and several Variables - Sales and Einar Hille (WILEY INTERNATIONAL)

  3. Calculus- Vols. I and II- Lipman Bers (HOLT, RINEHART & WINSTON - Indian Edition : IBH PUBLISHING Co., Bombay)

Year 1 - Semester 1

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