Indian Institute of Teacher Education - Year 1 - Semester 2

Year 1 - Semester 2

Manual of Courses

List of Courses for Year 2 Semester 2

Course Credits

A. Core/Content Courses


Science and Mathematics






Social Sciences



Political science



Humanities and Languages





Fine Arts

Professional Courses  
Philosophy of Life and Education II 2
Communication Skills : Gujarati 11 2
Communication Skills : English II 2
Health and Physical Education II 2
Development of Integral Personality II with focus on Art, Craft & Sculpture 2
General StudiesTotal 22


Year 1 - Semester 2

Year 1 - Semester 2


Credits: 4

Learning Objectives:

After completing this semester, you can

  1. Understand the concept of Momentum, Energy, Rotational Motion and Gravity

  2. Explain the various types of energy and the conservation of energy

  3. Describe the different type of rotational motion and conservation of momentum

  4. Understand the law of Gravity and its effect

  5. Explain properties of liquid, gases and plasma

  6. Describe the laws of Thermodynamics and Entropy

  7. Understand properties of musical sound and light

Unit-I Mechanics-I

Name of Chapter Contents
Chapter:6(Text Book:l)


Problems given in the Text Book:2" University Physics with Modern Physics " By Hugh D. Young & Roger A. Freedman, (12th Edition)

Publisher: Pearson

Topics 8.2,8.4 to 8.7
Impulse Changes Momentum
Case l:lncreasing Momentum
Case 2:Decreasing Momentum
Case 3:Decreasing Momentum over a Short Time
Conservation of Momentum
More Complicated Collisions
Chepter:7(Text Book.l)


Problems given in the Text Book:2"

University Physics with Modern Physics " By Hugh D. Young & Roger A. Freedman, (12th Edition)

Publisher: Pearson

Topics 6.1 to 6.5, 6.10, 6.11
Mechanical Energy
Potential Energy
Kinetic Energy
Work-Energy Theorem
Conservation of Energy
Comparison of Kinetic Energy and Momentum
Energy for Life
Sources of Energy

Unit-II Mechanics-II

Name of Chapter Contents
Chapter: 8 (Text Book 1) | Circular motion
Rotational Motion | Rotational Inertia
Problems given in the Text Book 2

Circular motion

Rotational Inertia


Centre of Mass and Centre of Gravituy

"University Physics with Modern Physics” by Hugh D. Young & Roger A. Freedman, (12th Edition)

Publisher: Pearson



Locating the Centre of Gravity
Centripetal Force
Centrifugal Force
Centrifugal Force in a Rotating Reference Frame
Simulated Gravity
Angular Momentum
Conservation of Angular Momentum
Chapter: 9(Text Book 1)


Problems given in the Text Book 2

" University Physics with Modern Physics " By Hugh D. Young & Roger A. Freedman, (12th Edition)

Publisher: Pearson

Topics 12.1,12.2,12.4 to 12.8
The Universal Law of Gravity
The Universal Gravitational Constant, G
Gravity and Distance: The Inverse-Square Law
Weight and Weightlessness
Ocean Tides
Tides in the Earth and Atmosphere
Tides on the Moon
Gravitational Fields
Gravitational Field Inside a Planet
Einstein’s Theory of Gravitation
Black Holes
Universal Gravitation
Chapter :10(Text Bookl)

Projectile and Satellite Motion

Problems given in the Text Book: 2

" University Physics with Modern Physics " By Hugh D. Young & Roger A. Freedman, (12th Edition)

Publisher: Pearson Topics 3.6 to 3.8

Projectile Motion
Projectiles Launched Horizontally
Projectile Launched at an Angle
Fast-Moving Projectiles-Satellites
Circular Satellite Orbits
Kepler’s Laws of Planetary Motion
Energy Conversion and Satellite Motion
Escape Speed

Unit-III Properties of Matter

Name of Chapter Contents

Chapter:13(Text Book 1)

Problems given in the Text Book 2

" University Physics with Modern Physics " By Hugh D. Young & Roger A. Freedman,

(12th Edition)

Publisher: Pearson

Topics 14.2,14.3,14.5 to 14.7

Pressure in a Liquid
Archimedes Principle
What Makes an Object Sink or Float ?
Pascal’s Principle
Surface Tension

Chepter:14 (Text Book 1)

Gases and Plasmas

The Atmosphere
Atmospheric Pressure
Boyle’s Law
Buoyancy of Air
Bernoulli’s Principle
Applications of Bernoulli’s Principle
Plasma in the Everyday World
Plasma Power

Unit-IV Heat

Name of Chapter Contents

Chapter:17(Text Book 1)

Change of Phase

Condensation in the Atmosphere
Fog and Clouds
Boiling is a Cooling Process
Boiling and Freezing at the same time
Melting and Freezing
Energy and Changes of Phase
Chepter:18 (Text Book 1)


Problems given in the Text Book 2

" University Physics with Modern Physics ” By Hugh D. Young & Roger A. Freedman,

(12th Edition)

Publisher: Pearson

Topics 19.2,19.5,19.7,19.8,20.1 to 20.9
Absolute Zero
Internal Energy
First Law of Thermodynamics
 Adiabatic Processes
Meteorology and the First Law
Second Law of Thermodynamics
Heat Engines
Order Tends to Disorder

Unit-V Sound & Properties of Light

Name of Chapter Contents

Chapter:21(Text Book 1)

Musical Sounds

Sound Intensity and Loudness
Musical Instruments
Fourier Analysis
Compact Discs

Chapter:7 (Text Book 1)

Properties of Light

Electromagnetic Waves
Electromagnetic Wave Velocity
The Electromagnetic Spectrum
Transparent Material
Opaque Material
Seeing light-The Eye

Text Book 1: Conceptual Physics by Paul G. Hewitt 11th Edition published by PEARSON

Text Book 2: University Physics with Modern Physics By Young & Freedman Publisher: Pearson(12,h Edition)

Additional References:

  1. Fundamental of Physics by Heliday, Resnik & Walker

  2. The Elements of Physics by 1. S. Grant & W. R. Philips Publisher: Oxford University Press

  3. Understanding Physics by Karen Cummings, Priscilla Laus, Edward Redish, Patrick Coonay.

Publisher: Wiley, Student Edition

  1. Physics (Cambridge Law Price Edition) By Gilbert Rowell and Sydher Herdon. Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Suggested Website for eLearning/ICT based activity :


bcs/Books?action=index&itemId=0471150584&itemTypeld=BKS&bcsld=1907 (Free)

  1. (Free)


  3. (Free)

Physics -2 (Practicals):

  1. Acceleration due to gravity by Bar Pendulum

  2. To study simple harmonic under damped oscillations and to calculate (1) time period T of Oscillation (2) angular frequency w (3) relaxation time T and (4) the quality factor Q

  3. To determine the Moment of Inertia of fly wheel

  4. To find viscosity using Seari’s viscometer •

  5. To determine unknown frequency of the tuning fork using Resonator

  6. To determine the specific heat capacity of a liquid by comparing its rate of cooling that of a liquid of known specific heat capacity (method of cooling by applying Newton’s law of radiation)

  7. To determine refractive index of liquid using combination of lens (Boye’s method)

  8. To determine the thermal conductivity of glass in the form of a tube.

  9. Least square method using calculator

  10. To find magnetic moment using deflection magnetometer

Suggested Website for eLearning/ICT Based Activity for Virtual Laboratory



  3. thermodynamics


  1. Practical physics by C.L Arora, Pub: S. Chand

  2. Practical Physics by Gupta & Kumar Pub: Pragati Prakashan

  3. An Advance Course in Practical Physics by D. Chattopadhyay & P. C. Rakshit. Publisher: New Central Book Agency (P) Ltd.

  4. ISC Practical Physics

  5. Laboratory Manual for Conceptual Physics by Paul Robinson


Year 1 - Semester 2

Year 1 - Semester 2

Chemistry- 2

Credits: 4

Learning Objectives:

In this semester, the objective is to develop understanding of

  1. Introduction to states of matter

  2. Basic principles of chemical kinetics

  3. Widening the base of chemical bonding & organic chemistry.

Unit-I: States of matter:

  1. Solid, liquid and gaseous states

  2. Crystal structure; Explanation of cubic, body centred cube and face centred cube

  3. Properties of liquids (Explanation of vapour pressure, surface tension, viscosity and parachore)

  4. Ideal and real gases, review of gases

  5. Laws and ideal gas equation

  6. Liquification of gases

Unit-II: Chemical bonding - II

  1. Geometry of molecules

  2. Bond angles, bond length and bond energies

  3. Valance shell electron pair repulsion theory (VSEPR), Prediction of geometry using VSEPR theory

  4. Metallic bond and hydrogen bond (conductors, insulators and semiconductors)

  5. Inter molecular and Intra molecular H-bond

  6. Importance of hydrogen bonding in biological molecules

Unit-Ill: Organic reaction mechanism

  1. Fission of co-valent bond

  2. Nucleophiles and electrophiles

  3. Nucleophilic substitution reaction mechanism (Sn1 and Sn2)

  4. Electrophilic substitution reaction mechanism (Se1 and Se2)

Unit-lV: Electrochemistry

  1. Concept of electrode potential

  2. Nearnst electrode potential equation

  3. Types of electrode

  4. Reversible and irreversible electrodes, indicator and reference electrodes

  5. Expression for the EMF of a cell

  6. Hydrogen electrode, calomel electrode and quinhydrone electrode

  7. Electrochemical series of electrode potential

  8. Application of EMF measurements

Unit-V: Chemical kinetics -1

  1. Order and molecularity of reactions

  2. Rates of chemical reactions

  3. Rate laws

  4. Derivation of rate constants for zero, first, and second order reaction

  5. Methods of determination of order of chemical reactions

  6. Graphical and analytical methods, using integrated rate equations and fractional life method

Year 1 - Semester 2

Year 1 - Semester 2

Chemistry-2 (Practicals):

(i) Organic spotting - solids and liquids (4 solids + 2 liquids)

Solids:Acid - benzoic, oxalic, succinic

Phenol - α and β napthols

Neutral - urea, thiourea, napthelene

Liquids: aniline, nitrobenzene, benzaldehyde, ethanol, chloroform, Chlorobenzene, acetone

(ii) Viscosity measurement: Benzene, CCUl4 CHCl3

Year 1 - Semester 2

Year 1 - Semester 2


Credits: 4

Ecology and Wildlife

Unit: -1: Ecology

Definition, Scope and Applications of Ecology

Ecological factors - edaphic, climatic, physiographic and biotic factors

Population Ecology - Definition of population; species and population

Population Attributes: Density, Natality, Mortality, age distribution, Disperal and Dispersion; Cyclical oscillations; Home range and territory; Environmental resistance and carrying capacity of a population. Interaction between populations. Concept of a Niche: Gauze Principal

Biotic community; concept of Biotic Community; Community structure, succession (hydrosere, Xerosere), climax community, Ecotone.

Applied Ecology:

Pollution - Definition and classification - Pollutants of air, water and soil and their effect on the ecosystem and mankind; Radioactive pollution of Biosphere; pollution control.

Unit: - 2

Limiting factors - Laws of limiting factors: Liebig’s law of minimum and Shelford’s low of tolerance, Factor compensation and Ecotype.

Ecosystem - Energy overflow in Ecosystem, Energy flow diagrams and their interpretations, Tropic levels and types of pyramids, Productivity and the methods of determining primary productivity. Biogeochemical cycles in ecosystem; carbon, Nitrogen, Phosphorous and sulphur cycles; cycling of organic nutrients and recycling pathways.

Habitat ecology - Marine and terrestrial ecology and their types,

Unit: - 3: Wildlife

Introduction to the terms : National parks, Sanctuaries

Elementary knowledge of:

  1. Marine National Parks of Gujarat

  2. Velavadar National park

  3. Gir National park and Sanctuary

  4. Wildass Sanctuary of Gujarat

  5. Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary

Wildlife management tools : Binoculars, camera, Radio-transmitters/receivers, Tranquilizer gun and darts

Some endangered fauna of India (brief note on Asiatic Lion, Snow Leopard, Black buck, Gangetic dolphin, India wildass, One-horned Rhino, Great Indian Bustard, Great Indian Hornbill, Peacock, Mountain Quail and Vulture

Conservation :

  • Ecological crisis and conservation of the environment; Conservation of wildlife and soil; National parks and sanctuaries; National and International efforts for conservation of wildlife.

Unit:-4: Evolution

  1. Theories and evidences

  2. Lamarckism and Neo-Lamarckism

  3. Darwinism and Neo-Darwinism

  4. Devries work on mutation

  5. Variation

  6. Isolation

  7. Speciation


  1. Ecology by P. S. Varma & Agrawal (S. Chand & Co. - Delhi]

  2. Fundamentals of Ecology by P. S. Odum

  3. Ecology and Environment by P.D. Sharma (Rastogi Pub., Meerut)

  4. Ecology by S.K. Charles (Prentice Hall of India, Delhi)

  5. Indian Wildlife, Shrilanka, Nepal., APA Publication

  6. Wildlife of India by Mark E. Tritsch, Harper Collins Pub.

  7. Threatened Animals of India by B. K. Tikader, ZSI, Calcutta

  8. Cytology, Genetics and Evolution by K. Periaswamy (Emkay Publication, Delhi)

  9. Cytology, Genetics and Evolution by P. K. Gupta (Rastogi publication, Delhi)

  10. Organic evolution by Arora

Year 1 - Semester 2

Year 1 - Semester 2


The study of following animals through specimen/diagram/chart/model

  1. Ecological adaptations.

Terrestrial: Toad, Jackal.

Aquatic : 1. Fresh water:
Vorticella, Spongilla,Hydra, Pila, Ophiocephalns.

  1. Marine water:
    Megalopa larva, Noctiluca,
    Loligo, Sea anemone, Chiton, Aranicola, Neries, Mudskipper
  1. Deep sea: Sole fish, Chimaera.
  1. Ecological adaptations.

Arborial : Chameleon, Parrot, Draco.

Fossorial : Phrynosoma, Snake.

Volant : Bat, Crow.

  1. Evidence of Evolution.
  1. Homologous organs : Fore and hind limbs.

Pectoral and pelvic- girdles, vertebrae.

  1. Analogous organs : Wings of insects, bird and Bat.
  1. Evidence of Evolution by connecting link.

: Paripatus,

: Archaeopteryx,

: Duckbill(platypus

  1. Estimations of free CO2 in the sample water.

  2. Estimations of Alkalinity in the sample water.

  3. Estimations of Chlorinity in the sample water.

  4. Estimations of Total Hardness in the sample water.

  5. Estimations of Ca & Mg hardness in the sample water.

  6. Endangered fauna of India (as per theory syllabus)

  7. Wildlife management tools (as per theory syllabus)

  8. National parks and sanctuaries spotting in map of Gujarat.

Year 1 - Semester 2

Year 1 - Semester 2

Mathematics- 2

Credits 4

OBJECTIVES: To develop an understanding of the concepts of number system and their crucial role in Modern mathematics ; to apply principles and techniques of integration in real life situations; to acquire an insight into the pedagogical aspects of Number system and Integration.


Unit 1: Number System

Integers : Nature numbers; The principle of mathematical induction, The structural properties of integers, The order relation - well ordering principle, Divisibility- the Euclidean algorithm, prime and Co-prime numbers, The H.C.F. and L.C.M. Unique factorization theorem, Congruence modulon , Addition and multiplication modulon.

Rational numbers : Equality addition and multiplication of rational numbers, The order relation, The structural properties of rational numbers, The density property of rationals.

Real numbers : Existence of irrational numbers; the number line; Upper and lower bounds of sets of real numbers; The order relation; The structural properties of real numbers; Open and closed intervals of the number line.

Complex number : Equality, addition and multiplication of complex numbers; Structural properties of complex numbers; Impossibility of order relation on complex numbers; Argand diagram; De Moivre’s theorem.


A Brief Survey of Modern Algebra by G. Birkhoff & S. Maciane. (MACMILLAN - Indian Edition: IBH PUBLISHING CO., Bombay).

Unit 2 : Calculus-ll(lntegral Calculus)

Integral Of a Function : Indefinite integral as anti-derivative; Integral of elementary functions.

Techniques of integration: Integration by substitution; integration by parts.

Integration Of Various Types Of Functions: Rational functions - resolving into partial fractions; Irrational algebraic functions; Trigonometric functions reducible to rational functions by substilition.

Definite Integrals : Integration under limits - definite integral and the Newton-Leibnitz formula; Techniques of evaluating definite integrals; Reduction formulae; properties of definite integrals.


  1. Integral Calculus by Shanti Narayan (SULTAN CHAND & Co.).

  2. Calculus of one and several variables by Sales and Einar Hille (WELEY INTERNATIONAL).

  3. Calculus and Analytical Geometry by George B.Thomas (ADDISON WESLEY CO.)

  4. Calculus - Vols. I &I1 by Lipman Bers (HOLT, R1NBHART & WINSTON - Indian Edition: 1BH PUBLISHING CO. Bombay).

Year 1 - Semester 2

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