The clash of civilizations and cultures has increasingly been recognized as a central issue of the contemporary humanity. This clash has for its setting the irreversible globalization of the world. Civilizations and cultures can no more grow in isolation from each other, and the angularities and the sharp edges of civilizations and cultures are now openly in battle with each other, and the Time – Spirit demands that these battles are worked out in a new way, - in the way that is appropriate to the higher aims of civilization. It is in that context that the method of dialogue must be accepted and practiced to its logical conclusion.
Civilizations are largely connected with modes of governance that reflect refinements of culture; and cultures are concerned with ultimate quests of humanity by means of increasing perfection of the faculties of rationality, ethicality and aesthetics. The clash of civilizations and cultures has its roots in differences of visions that aim at relating the individuals and collectivities and in utilizing different groups of faculties which run on parallel lines and even on conflicting lines. Ethics and aesthetics often collide with each other; rationality often fails to resolve the dilemmas of ethics; and the force of inspiration that ethics and aesthetics can provide is often absent from the cold climate of rationality. Religions have sought to resolve the collisions among these faculties, but each religion goes about the task in its own exclusive manner, - and this creates deeper conflicts in civilizations and cultures.
These conflicts have various aspects among which economic and socio-political aspects loom large and have begun to affect the life of humanity in a very disturbing manner. There is, first, the old idea and philosophy of expansionism which, taking the advantage of globalization, aims at exploiting the opportunities for purposes