The Revolutions in Russia

The Marxist émigré Alexeev expressed his view on the manner in which the change in the Russian political regime would occur, thus: "In Russia," said Alexeev, "the change will not come about gradually, but rather violently, precisely as a result of the rigidity1 of autocracy."2

The Revolution of 1905

As 1904 came to an end, rumblings of discontent in Russia had been gathering since summer and were now reaching crisis point. The costly imperialist war with Japan had brought a series of crushing defeats ending with the Russian navy under siege at Port Arthur. This exacerbated the economic crisis in Russia that had been gathering since 1900. With prices rising in the shops, calls were mounting to improve factory conditions and wages and regulate the long working day. Students were turning out regularly for mass rallies protesting the abuses of the czarist government... With provin­cial governments in Russia calling up troops to control unrest, and clashes between police and workers in the

  1. In English in the original.
  2. Leon Trotsky, On Lenin, pp. 33-4.
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