Bhagavagd Gita - Session 38- Track 3813

Comment: But none is independent they are mixed together.

All the three are together always, always mixed.

In physical terms: Tamas is for inertia; Rajas is for motion and Sattwa is for equilibrium, the entire physical worlds has these three movements, you find everywhere, all the three are together, inertia, motion and equilibrium. In everything in the world these three are all the time concomitant, but somewhere one is predominant, in another place another is dominant.

Comment: When Sattwa is predominant, then it’s all right?

…it is easier for you to cross over to Para Prakriti. It is why it is said that if you want to cross over to Para Prakriti, develop Sattwa, then it is easier for you to climb up. In psychological terms: Tamas means inconscience; Rajas means activity illumined by desire, passion; and Sattwa is an activity illumined by true knowledge, in terms of psychology. In purely physical terms, Sattwa is a quality of equilibrium; Rajas is the quality of motion and Tamas is the quality of inertia. In psychological terms Tamas is inconcience, Rajas is activity illumined by desire and Sattwa is an activity illumined by knowledge, but by knowledge is meant ‘mental knowledge’, not Para Prakriti’s knowledge.

sarva-dvāreṣu dehe ’smin prakāśa upajāyate |
jñānaṁ yadā tadā vidyād vivṛddhaṁ sattvam ity uta ||11|| (XIV)

“When all your dvāra, all your doors, senses of knowledge, they become filled with knowledge, filled with light, then knowledge emerges, then you understand that Sattwa has arisen.” When all your doors of knowledge are filled with light and when knowledge begins to pour in you, think that Sattwa is arising.

In the state of consciousness in which we all are now, it is Sattwic consciousness because our mind is filled with knowledge of some kind, it is not the highest knowledge, in some kind it’s spreading, therefore the present state is of Sattwa.

lobhaḥ pravṛttir ārambhaḥ karmaṇām aśamaḥ spṛhā |
rajasy etāni jāyante vivṛddhe bharatarṣabha ||12|| (XIV)

“When there is lobhaḥ, the greed, when there is a tremendous passion to act, pravṛttir ārambhaḥ, you begin lot of action, plan so much, go about things, rush about, pravṛttir ārambhaḥ karmaṇām aśamaḥ, when there is restlessness, spṛhā, desire, rajasy etāni jāyante, these are all products of Rajas, and when these begin to predominate, think that you are now Rajasic.

aprakāśo ’pravṛttiś ca pramādo moha eva ca |
tamasy etāni jāyante vivṛddhe kuru-nandana||13|| (XIV)

aprakāśo, there is darkness, ’pravṛttiś ca, inactivity, pramādo, laziness, moha, delusion, these arise from Tamas, and when they arise think that you are Tamasic.”

yadā sattve pravṛddhe tu pralayaṁ yāti deha-bhṛt |

“When you are living in a body, which predominated by Sattwa,if due to death, one dies…

tadottama-vidāṁ lokān amalān pratipadyate ||14|| (XIV)

…then one goes into families of best scholars, wise men, those who are Sattwic.” So, if you die, at the time of the death if Sattwa is predominant, you enter into the families in the next birth which are full of knowledge.

rajasi pralayaṁ gatvā karma-saṅgiṣu jāyate |

“But if at the time of death Rajas is predominant, then you enter into the families which are absolutely active…

tathā pralīnas tamasi mūḍha-yoniṣu jāyate ||15|| (XIV)

…if at the time of the death there is Tamas predominant, then you take birth in the wombs of those who are mūḍha, who are inert.”

Comment: yogabraśṭa are born into homes Yogis.

Yes, quite right, but here it is not written about Yogi, it is a general principle even of the general type, not only of yogabraśṭa.

…to some extent, because all Sattwic are not yogabraśṭa(s); yogabraśṭa(s) are those who have risen high and then they fall, but you have people who are still rising; for them fall has not yet come; all may not even fall: that which have been described in the earlier chapters in only of yogabraśṭa(s).

karmaṇaḥ sukṛtasyāhuḥ sāttvikaṁ nirmalaṁ phalam |
rajas as tu phalaṁ duḥkham ajñānaṁ tamasaḥ phalam ||16|| (XIV)

“If one is Sattwic, then his actions are always good actions and the fruits are nirmalaṁ, are always pure; the fruits of actions done by Rajas are always painful, duḥkham; all duḥkha arises from the actions which have been done by desire or Rajas; ajñānaṁ tamasaḥ phalam, and all the results of Tamas are productive of ignorance.”

sattvāt sañjāyate jñānaṁ: from Sattwa arises knowledge,

rajaso lobha eva ca: from Rajas comes the greed,…

pramāda-mohau tamaso bhavato ’jñānam eva ca ||17|| (XIV)

…from Tamas arise laziness, delusion and ignorance.