athavā yoginām eva kule bhavati dhīmatām |
“Or, he gets birth in the house of Yogis, or of dhīmatām, of those who are wise and learned.”
etad dhi durlabhataraṁ loke janma yad īdṛśam ||42|| (VI)
“In this way the kind of birth, which is durlabha, which is very difficult to attain, it is ‘that’ kind of birth that he attains.”
tatra taṁ buddhisaṁyogaṁ labhate paurvadehikam |
yatate ca tato bhūyaḥ saṁsiddhau kurunandana ||43|| (VI)
“And there, he once again attains to buddhi-saṁyogaṁ, he attains to the Buddhi yoga; his intellect is sharpen; his intellect becomes straighten; his intellect becomes yoga, yukta, becomes united. And then, having done lot of yatate, having done lot of effort once again, tato bhūyaḥ saṁsiddhau, he ultimately achieves a great Siddhi.” So, this is what happens to anybody who falls from Yoga, he is not destroyed either here or there.
Question: That means through saṁskāra only or smriti also comes?
Both; saṁsāra brings smṛti also.
pūrvābhyāsena tenaiva hriyate hy avaśo ’pi saḥ |
jijñāsur api yogasya śabdabrahmātivartate ||44|| (VI)
“By his previous yogic practices, he is carried onwards irresistibly. Even an inquisitive of Yoga transcends Sabdabrahman (the oral instruction in Brahman).”
He hears about Brahman, but he goes beyond hearing, and he really practices Yoga and attains to the Brahman.
prayatnād yatamānas tu yogī saṁśuddhakilviṣaḥ |
anekajanmasaṁsiddhas tato yāti parāṁ gatim ||45|| (VI)
“He may have to take many births there after also, but by constant effort he arrives at sinless condition, saṁśuddha, he becomes pure; and then saṁsiddhas tato yāti parāṁ gatim, he becomes siddha, and attain to the highest movement of the soul.”
Comment: Sometimes not many births?
May be it depends upon the stage at which he has gone. He may not need even to take a birth like Vishvamitra, became yogabrashta in the very birth. He attains to the highest; that also is possible.
tapasvibhyo ’dhiko yogī jñānibhyo ’pi mato ’dhikaḥ |
karmibhyaś cādhiko yogī tasmād yogī bhavārjuna ||46|| (VI)
Now, Sri Krishna concludes his teaching and says…in fact these two verses are the conclusion, grand conclusion of the whole of the 6 chapters.
tapasvibhyo ’dhiko yogī: “Yogis are greater than tapasvi(s).”
jñānibhyo ’pi mato ’dhikaḥ: “Even one who has attained to the greater knowledge, even greater than him is the Yogi” (that is Karmayogi).
karmibhyaś cādhiko yogī: “One who does only Karmas, even greater than them is the Karmayogi”; karmakāṇḍi karmibhyaś: one who does only actions but does not attain to Knowledge is inferior to the Karmayogi who attains both to knowledge and Action. Therefore, tasmād yogī bhavārjuna: “Since Yogi, (the Karmayogi) is higher than tapasvi, than Karmi, and than Jnani, therefore you become Yogi”: my proposition to you is that you attain to Knowledge, you do Tapasya, you do all actions, but you attain to that kind of a condition where Knowledge and Action, both are reconciled, and I ask you to be Yogi.