Notes and References
1 Rig Veda, 1.129.
2 Aitareya Upanishad, 1.2.1-3.
3 This is the Samkhyan theory of satkāryavāda, according to which, nothing comes out of nothing and the effect is already present in the cause.
4 Vide., Asimov, Isaac, Asimov’s Biographical Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, 'Garden City, Doubleday, New York, 1982; vide also, Dobzhansky, Theodosius, American Biology Teacher, 1973; Darwin, Charles, Life and Letters, John Murray, London, 1988; Kitcher, P., The Advancement of Science: Science without Legend, Objectivity without Illusions, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1993; Salmon, M.H., et at.. Introduction to the Philosophy of Science, Englewood Cliffs, Prentice Hall, NJ, 1992.
5 Vide., Haeckel, Ernst, History of Creation, D. Appleton, New York, 1889; Wallin, I.E., Symbioniticism and the Origin of Species, Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, 1927; vide also Scientific American, Dec. 10,2007, which refers to human genes undergoing selection and points out that the amount of genetic differentiation between humans and our closest relatives, chimpanzees, suggests that the pace of change has accelerated to ten to hundred times the average long term rate. This article further points our that the history of humanity is beginning to be read out from our genes, thanks to a detailed knowledge of the thousands of them that have evolved recently. Hawks states: "We are going to be classifying these by functional categories and looking for matches between genetic changes and historic and archeological changes in diet, skeletal form, disease and many other things." He adds: "we think we will be able to find some of the genetic changes that drove human population growth and migrations the broad causes of human history." The latest work on this subject is being conducted by John Hawks, Eric T. Wang, Gregory Kochran, Henry C. Harpending and Robert K. Moyzis. Most of them are working at the
University of Utah. They consider human demographic growth to be linked with past changes in human cultures and ecologies. They also point out that larger populations generate more new selected mutations. They suggest that these factors have contributed to the extraordinarily rapid recent genetic evolution of the human species.
6 Vide., Fischer, A.G, Fossils, Early Life and Atmospheric History, Proceedings National Academy of Sciences, 1965; vide also, Mc Menamin, Mark & Dianna Schulte, Hypersea: Life on Land, Columbia University Press, New York, 1994; vide also, Schrodinger, Erwin, My View of the World, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1967.
7 Vide., Ereshevsky, M.(ed.), The Units of Evolution: On the Nature of Species, MIT Press, Cambridge, 1992; vide also, Mayr, E., Towards a New Philosophy of Biology, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1988.
8 Vide., Hull, D.L., Philosophy of Biological Science, Englewood Cliffs, Prentice Hall, N J, 1974.
9 Vide., American Public Media, Interview of Ms. Tippett with Dr. Newland, 2007.
10 Vide., Moore, F.C.T, Bergson: Thinking Backwards, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1996.
" Vide., Peel, J.D.Y, Herbert Spencer, The Evolution of a Sociologist, Heinemann, London, 1971.
12 Vide., Alexander, S., Space, Time and Deity, Macmillan, London, Paperback edition, 1966.
13 Vide., Teilhard de Chardin, P, Le Phenomene Humaine, Editions de Seuil, Paris, 1955: Translation by B.wall, The Phenomenon of Man, Collins, London, 1959.
14 Vide,, Lowe, V. Alfred, North Whitehead: The Man and His work, MD: The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, 1985, 1990
15 Vide., Sri Aurobindo, The Life Divine, SABCL, Pondicherry, 1971, last six chapters.
16 Vide., Mother’s Agenda, Institut de Recherches Evolutives, Paris, and Mira Aditi, Mysore, 1979, 13 volumes.
17 Sri Aurobindo, The Life Divine, SABCL, Pondicherry, 1971, Vol. 18, pp. 18-9.
Kireet Joshi (b. 1931) studied philosophy and law at the Bombay University. He was selected for the I.A.S. in 1955 but in 1956, he resigned in order to devote himself at Pondicherry to the study and practice of the Integral Yoga of Sri Aurobindo and The Mother. He taught Philosophy and Psychology at the Sri Aurobindo International Centre of Education at Pondicherry and participated in numerous educational experiments under the direct guidance of The Mother.
In 1976, the Government of India invited him to be Educational Advisor in the Ministry of Education. In 1983, he was appointed Special Secretary to the Government of India, and he held the post until 1988. He was Member- Secretary of Indian Council of Philosophical Research from 1981 to 1990. He was also Member-Secretary of Rashtriya Veda Vidya Pratishthan from 1987 to 1993. He was the Vice-Chairman of the UNESCO Institute of Education, Hamburg, from 1987 to 1989.
From 1999 to 2004, he was the Chairman of Auroville Foundation. From 2000 to 2006, he was Chairman of Indian Council of Philosophical Research. From 2006 to 2008, he was Editorial Fellow of the Project of History of Indian Science, Philosophy and Culture (PHISPC).
Currently, he is Education Advisor to the Chief Minister of Gujarat.
Also by Kireet Joshi
Education for Character Development
Education for Tomorrow
Education at Crossroads
A National Agenda for Education
Sri Aurobindo and Integral Yoga
Sri Aurobindo and the Mother
Landmarks of Hinduism
The Veda and Indian Culture
Glimpses of Vedic Literature
The Portals of Vedic Knowledge
Bhagavadgita and Contemporary Crisis
Philosophy and Yoga of Sri Aurobindo and Other Essays
A Philosophy of the Role of the Contemporary Teacher
A Philosophy of Evolution for the Contemporary Man
A Philosophy of Education for the Contemporary Youth
Edited by Kireet Joshi
The Aim of Life
The Good Teacher and the Good Pupil
Mystery and Excellence of Human Body
Gods and the World
Uniting Men - Jean Monnet
Joan of Arc
Nala and Damayanti
Alexander the Great
Siege of Troy
Catherine the Great
Sri Krishna in Vrindavan
Compiled by Kireet Joshi
Towards Universal Fraternity
Let us Dwell on Human Unity