Indian Institute of Teacher Education - Content Courses - Social Sciences

Content Courses - Social Sciences

History 1

Credits 4

Yet to be prepared

Geography 1

Credits 4


Introduction: Meaning, definition and nature of Geography - place of geography among social and natural science -Relation with other disciplines- Its subjects matter.

Brief introduction of solar system - origin of the Earth and the solar system- Interior of the Earth - Distribution of continents and Oceans - continental Drift theory - Plate Tectonics - Major Landforms.


Evolution of Geography Thought - Determinism, Possibilism and other concepts - systematic & Regional Geography - Brief idea about qualification - Recent trends in Geography.


Structure and composition of Atmosphere - Elements of climate and weather - major factor affecting the distribution of elements of weather - Insolation, Atmospheric pressure, wind system, Humidity and Precipitation.


Sub- marine relief features- characteristics of ocean water- Distribution of Temperature and salinity of oceans- Ocean currents, wares and tides natural religions of the world - meaning, classification and general understanding - A detailed study of (1) Equatorial Forest Region, (2) Tropical Grassland (Sudan type) (3) Hot and Dry regions (Desert type), (4) Taiga region.

Suggested Readings

  1. Dikshit R.D.: Geography Thought - A Contextual History of Ideas, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd, 2000.

  2. Farro Charles: Principles of General Geography, General Printers and publishers, Mumbai. 2003.

  3. Hartshorn, Richard : Perspectives on the Nature of Geography, Rand, MC Nally and Co. New York, 1967.

  4. Harvey David: Explanation in Geography; Edwards Arnold, London, 1972

  5. Holt, Jensen, A; Geography, Its History and concepts; Longman’s 1980.

  6. Hussain, Majid : Evolution of Geographical Thought; Rawat Publication, Jaipur- 1984.

Content Courses - Social Sciences

Content Courses - Social Sciences

Political Science 1

Credits 4

Unit-1 : Political Science: Meaning, Scope, Importance of the study, Inter disciplinary relations.

Unit-2 : State: Elements of the State, State and Society, Origin and Development of the State

  • Force Theory
  • Divine Theory
  • Evolutionary Theory
  • Social Contract Theory

Unit-3 : Sovereignty: Meaning, Features, Austin’s Theory of Sovereignty, Pluralistic Theory of Sovereignty, Sovereignty in the context of the changing global scenario.

Unit-4 : - Political Power, authority, legitimacy, welfare state - Law : Definition, meaning, sources of Law

Content Courses - Social Sciences

Content Courses - Social Sciences

Economics 1

Credits 4

Unit 1: Basic concepts and definition

Utility: goods and services. Money, wealth and welfare. Value and price. Monetary income and real income. Scarcity of resources and problem of choice. Definitions of economics: Adam Smith, Marshall and Robbins. Micro economics and macro economics.

Unit 2: Demand analysis

Concept of utility. Law of diminishing marginal utility. Concept of equi-marginal utility. Meaning of demand. Derivation of demand curve with the help of utility analysis. Demand function. Law of demand. Expansion and contraction of demand. Increase and decrease in demand. Elasticity of demand and its types and their methods of calculation. Factors affecting elasticity of demand.

Unit 3: Supply analysis and price determination

Meaning of supply. Difference between supply and stock. Supply function. Law of supply. Expansion and contraction of supply. Increase and decrease in supply. Elasticity of supply and factors affecting elasticity of supply. Price determination through demand and supply. Effect of changes in demand and supply on price individually and jointly.

Unit 4: Factors of production and division of labour:

Meaning and characteristics of land, labour, capital and entrepreneurship. Meaning, types, advantages and disadvantages of division of labour. Factors affecting division of labour. Production function.

Unit 5: Market, Revenue, Cost and Production function:

Meaning and functions of market. Concepts of revenue: average, marginal and total revenue. Concepts of cost: fixed, variable, total, average, average fixed, average variable and marginal cost. Relations between average and marginal cost. Short term and long term cost Meaning, short run and long run production functions. Law of variable proportions. Returns to scale. Iso-quant and Iso-cost curves and producer’s equilibrium. Break-even analysis.

Unit 6: Indifference curve analysis:

Concept, schedule, diagram. Marginal rate of substitution. Assumptions of Hicksian analysis, characteristics of indifference curve, Concept of price line and changes in location and shape. Changes in price line. Consumer’s equilibrium. Normal goods, inferior goods and Giffen goods. Price effect, income effect and substitution effect.

Content Courses - Social Sciences

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