Lincoln Idealist and Pragmatist - Appendix VI - Lincoln's Timeline

Appendix VI - Lincoln's Timeline

Lincoln’s Timeline

February 12, 1809:
Birth of Abraham Lincoln in Hardin County, Kentucky.

1816: Family relocates to Indiana
1818: Mother Nancy Hanks Lincoln dies of milk sickness
1819: Father Thomas Lincoln remarries widow Sarah Bush Johnston
1820: Missouri Compromise issued
1828: Works on flatboat to carry cargo to New Orleans
1830: Family relocates to Illinois
1831: Separates from his family, moves to New Salem, Illinois
1832: Serves as captain in Black Hawk War, loses bid for Illinois State Legislature
1833: Works as postmaster of New Salem and later as a surveyor
1834: At age 24 elected to Illinois State Legislature
1835: Enters into deep depression on the death of Ann Rutledge
1836: Re-elected to Illinois State Legislature as a leader of Whig Party
1837: Admitted to the bar in Illinois, relocates to Springfield, forms a law partnership with John Stuart and begins practicing law


Appendix VI - Lincoln's Timeline

Appendix VI - Lincoln's Timeline
1838: Re-elected to Illinois State Legislature for a third term
1839: Travels as a lawyer on the 8th Judicial Circuit, Illinois
1840: Re-elected to Illinois State Legislature for a fourth term
1841: Forms a law partnership with Stephen T. Logan
1842: Marries Mary Todd
1844: Forms law partnership with William Herndon
1846: Elected to U.S. Congress as Whig Representative from Illinois
1848: Criticises President Polk and the Mexican War on House floor
1849: Introduces gradual emancipation bill for slaves in District of Columbia, completes term in U.S. Congress and returns to Springfield to practice law
1854: Kansas-Nebraska Act becomes law; delivers famous ‘Peoria’ speech, declines ticket for Illinois State Legislature, makes a bid for U.S. senate
1855: Loses Senate bid
Receives Republican nomination for U.S. Senate; delivers ‘House Divided’ speech, participates in the Lincoln-Douglas debates in Illinois, loses Senate bid again

Nominated for president by Republicans
Elected 16th President of the United States
South Carolina secedes followed by 6 other states

Confederate forces open fire on Fort Sumter, Civil War begins, Virginia secedes followed within weeks by 3 more Southern states


Appendix VI - Lincoln's Timeline

Appendix VI - Lincoln's Timeline
April-May: Proclaims blockade against Southern ports, sus­pends writ of Habeas Corpus, declares martial law in Maryland
July: Union defeated at Bull Run, Virginia, Lincoln ap­points General McClellan as commander of the Potomac Army
August: Declares martial law in Missouri, signs the Confiscation Act
November: Appoints McClellan as Commander of the Union Army, Trent Affair strains relations with Britain
January: Issues order no. 1, instructing the Union armies to advance by February 22nd
March: Relieves McClellan as general-in-chief and takes su­preme command of Union forces
April-June: Battle of Shiloh, Tennessee resulting in heavy losses on both sides, Lincoln signs act abolishing slavery in District of Columbia, approves homestead Act facilitating thousands to go West, prohibits slavery in United States territories
August: Union defeat at 2nd battle at Bull Run, Virginia
September: Union forces push back the Confederate attack at the Battle of Antietam, Lincoln issues a preliminary Emancipation Proclamation
November: Replaces McClellan with General Burnside
December: Union army defeated at Fredericksburg, Virginia, West Virginia comes in as the 35th state into the Union
January: Issues Emancipation Proclamation, replaces Burnside with General Hooker as Commander of the Army of the Potomac
February: Signs a bill for a National Banking system
March-June: Lincoln signs Conscription Act, Union army de­feated at Chancellorsville, Virginia, replaces Hooker with Meade


Appendix VI - Lincoln's Timeline

Appendix VI - Lincoln's Timeline
July: Union forces victorious at Battle of Gettysburg and Vicksburg and gain control of Mississippi river, Lincoln writes order of retaliation
August: Meets Frederick Douglass
September: Union Army defeated at Chickamauga, Virginia, puts General Grant in command of the army of the Western theatre
November: Delivers Gettysburg Address
December: Issues initial plans for reconstruction
March: Puts General Grant in charge of all Union Armies
June: Nominated for President by National Union Party for a second term
Sept-Oct.: Sherman’s forces capture Atlanta, Union forces gain control of Shenandoah Valley
November: Re-elected president of the United States
January: Attends unsuccessful peace conference at Hampton Roads
March: Lincoln delivers Second inaugural speech, grants pardon to Union deserters
April: Grant’s forces capture Richmond, Lincoln visits Richmond, Lee surrenders to Grant near Appomattox Court House, Virginia, Lincoln makes last public speech concerning question of reconstruction
April 14: Fatally shot by John Wilkes Booth in theatre
April 15: Dies at 7:22 a.m.
Appendix VI - Lincoln's Timeline

Appendix VI - Lincoln's Timeline

Bill of Rights

Amendment I

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a re­dress of grievances.

Amendment II

A well-regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.

Amendment III

No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quar­tered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.

Amendment IV

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

Amendment V

No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in ac­tual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any crim­inal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property,

without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.

Amendment VI

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be in­formed of the nature and cause of the accu­sation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defence.

Amendment VII

In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.

Amendment VIII

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor ex­cessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.

Amendment IX

The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.

Amendment X

The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.

U.S. Bill of Rights: The first 10 amendments to the constitution of America. Authored by James Madison in reply to a demand from various states for greater protection of individual liberties and prohibitions on governmental power.

Appendix VI - Lincoln's Timeline

Back to Content